PROJECT


GENERAL LIFESTYLE OF THE POPULATION

Healthcare available to the local population is limited, due to an insufficient number of health centers, the lack of equipment and medical supplies, transportation problems for the sick or injured, and the lack of qualified personnel.
The number of classes is insufficient, and the general level of learning is low. Some villages have no school building, forcing children to walk long distances, sometimes many kilometers, to reach the nearest school. A lack of teachers requires courses to be divided into two daily sessions, one in the morning, the other in the afternoon.
Roads are underdeveloped and in very bad condition. Wooden bridges are fragile, and often collapse during the rainy season. Roads are not paved, which makes them impractical for months each year.
No national or rural electric grid exists. Villagers who have the means use generators, linked to a number of households. But most people use batteries, which can be recharged locally.

de-l-eau-pour-tous-enfants-7 The Major Problem of Puok District: Water. In all the villages in the district, water resources are of limited availability in terms of quantity – except during the rainy season – and in terms of quality. The number of sources of drinking water is notoriously insufficient. At the present time, it’s estimated that only 12% of people’s needs in rural areas are being met. For their daily needs, villagers use water from traditional wells, waterholes, ponds and rivers: water that is unfit for human consumption. The majority of water sources are not protected against surface pollution, and are regularly contaminated by run-off. During the dry season, most sources disappear, and villagers are forced to find water elsewhere, sometimes kilometers away. The lack of water affects people’s need for drinking water, as well as for personal hygiene, domestic needs (washing clothes, dishes, etc.) and watering animals.

GEOLOGICAL SITUATION OF THE REGION’S WATER RESOURCES

Cambodia is primarily composed of an immense low-lying sedimentary plain, partially submerged in the center by the waters of great Lake Tonlé Sap. The plain is bordered by a series of mountain ranges to the north and east. The district of Puok is situated in the lower part of the plain. It is characterized by tropical vegetation, pushing through the surface of the thin block of hard sandstone or granite it rests on. The climactic conditions of Cambodia, combined with the geological context of the region, results in flood situations during the rainy season, and drought situations in the hot, dry season. It’s a paradox with an explanation. What happens is that during the monsoon season, the generally shallow ground is quickly saturated with falling rain, which the base can hardly absorb. When the rains of the monsoons stop, the upper layer of ground dries out rapidly, through infiltration and evaporation: the little water it was able to store is soon depleted.
Temperatures in the dry season often exceed 40 degrees Centigrade!… As a consequence, the number of permanent water sources in the Puok district is very limited. Traditional digging procedures and manual restoration of wells eventually run up against strata of clay, and rarely profit from water stored in the upper layers. As such, most water sources are dry a few weeks after the end of the rainy season: this is the period when the demand for water is most critical. Some minor work is undertaken by local artisans who manually bore into the ground, using small-diameter tubing, and not to any great depth. The wells usually become obstructed after a few months of service, with no possibility of being restored. Present sources of pumped water are of low capacity, not permanent, and do not produce drinkable water. The lack of maintenance leads inhabitants to abandon them altogether.

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OUR SOLUTION

[G1] . Particularly concerned are the village children, the group most vulnerable to water-borne diseases.

INFORMING THE POPULATION ABOUT HYGIENE AND WATER USE

An instructor under the direction of the project coordinator informs villagers, especially women, about hygiene and the proper uses of clean water. This intervention is carried out at all work sites, through the dissemination of information and interactive discussions. Instructors perform the activity on site, for the duration of each project. The aim is to emphasize the link between clean drinking water, good hygiene, and health. Beyond that, making people more sensitive to water is an incitement to preserve their natural environment (minimize logging, encourage reforestation, collect and destroy garbage, maintain clean spaces between habitations, construct latrines, designate areas for animals, etc.). The local presence of a WATER-FOR-ALL NGO representative assures continuity of the work being done.

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TRAINING THE POPULATION TO MAINTAIN INSTALLATIONS

Two villagers per installation are trained to maintain and repair the pump by an NGO technician. A tool-kit and set of replacement parts are left with those responsible, along with a plan of the pump’s assembly. This training enables the locals to do the necessary maintenance and repair work themselves. At the same time, a roaming technician is always available to ensure the proper functioning of all installations, with preventive upkeep through regular visits.

RESOURCES USED BY THE WATER-FOR-ALL NGO

Drilling equipment with Rotary procedure and MFT compressed air percussion.


Volunteers from the villages take care of the handling and warehousing of materials, and other odd jobs: excavation, transporting materials, preliminary groundwork, preparing meals for workers, etc.

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PROJECT IMPACT AND DURATION


Water Distribution Access to water is free and open to all villagers, without discrimination. Local populations are largely involved in the implementation of the project, and must The gift of water is the gift of life !